Natural and Medical treatment of Hypothyroidism
If you have hypothyroidism symptoms like tiredness, hair loss, weight gain, dry skin, or others you should immediately go to a doctor to get the diagnosis of hypothyroidism. The doctor will take a TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) test to determine the levels of thyroid hormones. This test is very important as it allows the doctor to determine what dosage is appropriate to treat the low levels of hormones.
Treating hypothyroidism is not difficult and the treatment solely depends on the levels of thyroid hormones. If the levels are a little below the normal range you can treat them naturally, but, if they are extremely low you will have to take a thyroid hormone pill regularly.
Levothyroxine is a synthetic thyroid hormone used to treat the low levels of thyroid hormones. It is the standard and recommended treatment for the hypothyroidism. It is also used to treat other thyroid disorders like goiter and certain types of thyroid cancers.
How to take this medication?
You must take the patient leaflet information from your pharmacist and use this medication as instructed.
You have to take this medication once a day in the morning before breakfast as it’s more effective when taken on an empty stomach. You can take it orally with or without water. If you want to take it without water, just open the ampule, press it and in-take all the contents. If you want to use it with water, open the ampule and empty all the contents in a glass of water and drink it immediately.
The dosage is dependent on:
- Your age
- Your weight
- Your medical condition
- Thyroid hormones levels
The typical dosage for an adult of 18-49 years is 1.6 mcg/kg/day. For the people above this age, the typical dosage is 12.5-25mcg/day.
You must take the medication at the same time every day and do not stop taking it without consulting the doctor.
Side effects of Levothyroxine
Here are some common side effects of taking this medication:
- Weight loss
- Anxiety and nervousness
- Sleep problems
- Weakness of muscles
Levothyroxine can also cause other severe side effects like chest pain, swelling in feet or ankles, increase heart rate, and shortness of breath, etc. It can also cause allergic reactions like skin rash and flushing.
The drug affects each person differently so the side effects could be different for different persons. If you experience any of above-given side effects or any else you must immediately consult the doctor before the situation gets worse.
If you are taking Levothyroxine along with antidepressants or sympathomimetic drugs it can cause adverse effects and you can also develop heart problems.
Thyroid problems are sometimes the result of an improper diet, stress, depression, or lack of nutrients in your body. So, natural remedies could prove to be the best way to deal with hypothyroidism. These natural remedies can have fewer side effects as compared to the medications.
- Vitamin B
In hypothyroidism body’s vitamin B-12 levels are affected. If you start taking a vitamin B-12 supplement it can have a positive impact on your thyroid health and can improve symptoms like tiredness. Here are some foods that contain Vitamin B which you can make part of your diet:
Iodine is really important for the proper functioning of the thyroid. Its deficiency can cause several thyroid disorders like thyroid gland enlargement and development of goiter. You should increase your iodine intake but not too much and consult the doctor if you experience any side effects.
According to research, there is a link between thyroid disease and celiac disease i.e. a larger number of people suffering from thyroid disease were also found to have celiac disease. People suffering from celiac disease need to avoid gluten. But, you must consult your doctor before adopting a gluten-free diet.
If you make selenium a part of your regular diet it can improve the thyroid hormone metabolism. You can eat food like turkey and tuna that contain selenium. But, you need to be careful and do not use it without consulting the doctor, as its deficiency or excess can have adverse effects.